WTF is AI?
Quick note before you immerse yourself in: This post contains some doom and gloom about the negative effect on your life and career that artificial intelligence may have. The last thing I want is to let you feel freaked out, so try reading to the end where I'm talking about the potential AI that needs to change your work for the better. If you can't make it that far, save it later or share it with a friend so you remember reading it in the news the next time you hear about AI or automation. You take a step to prepare yourself and a friend to be more successful in the future, anyway. You guys rock
By now you already know that artificial intelligence has the power to transform our work and industries every single one of us.
For certain instances, AI is used to remove those jobs entirely. For others, it'll just affect how they're handled or whether they're for demand. And in other cases, it will pave the way for creating new jobs — including those that none of us can imagine yet.
This post's goal is to help you understand what artificial intelligence is, and the jobs & aspects of work are most likely to be automated by AI, so you know how to position yourself in the near future for success.
Quick Navigation: WTF Is AI: The concept of artificial intelligence, its contexts, forms, and techniques causes a lot of ambiguity. How AI Will Automate Certain Jobs Out of Existence: Every week, multiple articles about the jobs being killed by automation are written down. I 'm providing examples of the skills that would be easiest for AI to automate in the short term, and some of the industries where impacts will be felt.
WTF Is Artificial Intelligence Anyway?
The more you understand what artificial intelligence is, the more you can understand whether your work is in danger of automation or not. The ambiguity (and deliberate misuse) around the word has, sadly, made life difficult for everyone.
First, there are two types of artificial intelligence: Artificial General Intelligence, that is, a computer capable of doing anything a human can. That is in contrast to Artificial Narrow Intelligence, in which a computer does what a human can do, but only within narrow bounds.
At all logical tasks (Artificial General Intelligence) it does not take a robot that is stronger than humans to remove those work. It will only take a form of existing AI-enabled software, which is better at one or two tasks than humans, such as driving from place A to place B, to be introduced into the market.
How AI Will Automate Certain Jobs Out of Existence?
“”By learning from a greater volume of information than we [humans] can process in our own lifetimes, AI software gives us the ability to reach new heights when solving complex problems. AI shows us that today’s state-of-the-art solution is no longer a global maximum, but in fact only a local maximum.”
The AI-related stories that land in your Facebook and Twitter feeds are all about the predictions of doomsday Artificial General Intelligence. They distract from the more pressing issue at hand though interesting.
AI-driven automation will generate new opportunities and enable people to be more efficient, but the harsh fact is that AI-driven automation would disrupt hundreds of millions of people across the globe, both individual work practices and entire industries. The “60 percent of all occupations have at least 30 percent of operations that are theoretically automate-able, ” and “ 47 percent of U.S. workers are at risk of being replaced by AI technologies” in the next 10–20 years.
If a organization stands to reap massive financial benefits from automating a certain task, and that task is automated using current artificial intelligence techniques, you can expect it to be automated soon. When a function is just to perform the particular task, then you can expect humans to be replaced by AI software rather than augmented. While automation is extremely traumatic for us losers of work, it can also increase the quality of life and save the lives of hundreds of millions of people in some cases.
Below are the events, jobs, and sectors that experts expect will encounter in the next 5 years the impacts of AI-driven automation.
Recognizing known patterns:
If you, or someone you love, have ever suffered from a medical problem that has gone undetected by doctors, you know the importance of detecting good injury and disease. Diseases are a class of "patterns" that an AI algorithm could help recognize humans.
There are ~38,000 radiologists in the US alone who make an average of $490,000 per annum. Such radiologists look at 39,275,011 mammograms annually to identify breast tissue anomalies which require further review, according to recent FDA statistics.
Previously, the UK's National Health Service found that routine tests on breast cancer are not adequately sensitive to identify ~17 per cent of cases. That's why people were so excited about Google's recent announcement that it had developed a "flag [potential breast cancer] algorithm that a person would miss."
“The algorithm helps you localize and find these tumors. And the doctor is really good at saying, ‘This is not cancer.’ The technology will be especially useful in parts of the world where there’s a shortage of physicians. For patients who don’t have access to a pathologist, an algorithm — even if imperfect — would be a meaningful improvement.”
If the technology makes it out of the laboratory and into hospitals, early diagnoses and treatment for patients could save many thousands of lives and millions of dollars — when procedures are most effective. Although the ability to automate this skill is immense, an AI is more likely to support a radiologist than to automate her out of work.
Unlike other jobs which consist largely of a single task, radiologists have many responsibilities. As well as identifying trends in medical phot